Glossary of Terms
In alphabetical order
Moving a body part away from the midline. For example, Moving one leg out to your side.
Moving a body part towards the midline. For example, moving leg towards the middle.
The lack or absence of symmetry
When bending sideways, the side on which you bend towards.
When bending sideways, the side on which you bend away from. The rounded, elevated side.
Moving a joint in a circular motion in which there is flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction.
Moving a body part in a downward direction. For example, lowering the shoulders.
Flexing the ankle. For example, lifting the toe part of your foot upwards.
Moving a body part upwards. For example, lifting your shoulders as if shrugging.
Being turned outwards. Eg. Turning the sole of the foot outwards.
Increasing the angle between body parts. Eg. Straightening a bent elbow.
Decreasing angle between body parts. Eg. Bending elbow.
Taking a joint past its normal range. For example, this can be seen in cases of the movement of the neck with ‘whiplash’ cases.
Being turned inwards. Eg. Turning the sole of the foot inwards.
An exaggerated posterior curve or ’rounding’ of the spine, found usually in the Thoracic spine; the upper and middle back.
An excessive anterior curve of the spine, usually found in the Lumbar Spine (Lower back>. While often used to describe the ‘natural’ anterior curve of the lower back, it is technically used to describe an ‘exaggerated’ curve.
If standing with hands by your side, turn the forearm so the palm of the hand faces behind you.
Turning a bone or body part around an axis. Eg. Turning the head left or right.
If standing with hands by your side, turn the forearm so the hand faces the same way as you.
Being balanced and in proportion. Eg. having left side of your face looking the same as the right.