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Glossary

Glossary of Terms

In alphabetical order

Abduction

Moving a body part away from the midline. For example, Moving one leg out to your side.

Adduction

Moving a body part towards the midline. For example, moving leg towards the middle.

Asymmetry

The lack or absence of symmetry

Concave

When bending sideways, the side on which you bend towards.

Convex

When bending sideways, the side on which you bend away from. The rounded, elevated side.

Circumduction

Moving a joint in a circular motion in which there is flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction.

Depression

Moving a body part in a downward direction. For example, lowering the shoulders.

Dorsi Flexion

Flexing the ankle. For example, lifting the toe part of your foot upwards.

Elevation

Moving a body part upwards. For example, lifting your shoulders as if shrugging.

Eversion

Being turned outwards. Eg. Turning the sole of the foot outwards.

Extension

Increasing the angle between body parts. Eg. Straightening a bent elbow.

Flexion

Decreasing angle between body parts. Eg. Bending elbow.

Hyperextension

Taking a joint past its normal range. For example, this can be seen in cases of the movement of the neck with ‘whiplash’ cases.

Inversion

Being turned inwards. Eg. Turning the sole of the foot inwards.

Kyphosis

An exaggerated posterior curve or ’rounding’ of the spine, found usually in the Thoracic spine; the upper and middle back.

Lordosis

An excessive anterior curve of the spine, usually found in the Lumbar Spine (Lower back>. While often used to describe the ‘natural’ anterior curve of the lower back, it is technically used to describe an ‘exaggerated’ curve.

Pronation

If standing with hands by your side, turn the forearm so the palm of the hand faces behind you.

Rotation

Turning a bone or body part around an axis. Eg. Turning the head left or right.

Supination

If standing with hands by your side, turn the forearm so the hand faces the same way as you.

Symmetry

Being balanced and in proportion. Eg. having left side of your face looking the same as the right.